Thursday, 16 May 2013

4.5 predict the products of reactions between dilute hydrochloric, nitric and sulfuric acids; and metals, metal oxides and metal carbonates

Metals

  • Hydrochloric acid + metal > metal chloride salt + hydrogen
  • Nitric acid + metal > You don't need to know
  • Sulphuric acid + metal > metal sulphate + hydrogen


Metal oxides

  • Hydrochloric acid + metal oxide > metal chloride salt + water
  • Nitric acid + metal oxide > metal nitrate salt + water
  • Sulphuric acid + metal oxide > metal sulphate + water


Metal carbonates

  • Hydrochloric acid + metal carbonate > metal chloride salt + water + carbon dioxide
  • Nitric acid + metal carbonate > metal nitrate salt + water + carbon dioxide
  • Sulphuric acid + metal carbonate > metal sulphate + water + carbon dioxide

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